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How-to Qimera - Processing a Patch Test

This howto describes how to operate the patch test tool in Qimera.

For information on multibeam Patch Test (calibration) theory, please see this QINSy document: Howto Calibrate a Multibeam Echosounder

For a more in depth explanation of the specific functions in the Patch Test tool, please visit our reference manual here: Qimera Patch Test v2.0 


The directions on this page assume you are using a single head multibeam system. There is a section on the calibration of a dual head system at the bottom of this QINSy document:  Howto Calibrate a Multibeam Echosounder. There is also information here: Kongsberg EM2040 Dual Head Calibration


From the Qimera FAQ:

When I apply Patch Test results, the angular offsets are not entered the same for the Tx and Rx transducers in the Vessel Editor, why?

Qimera separates the two transducers in its vessel offsets. The Patch Test Tool will apply the offset corrections to the transducer at which they will have an effect. Roll to Rx, Pitch and Heading to Tx. The values from the Patch Test can also be applied to the motion sensor data instead of the mounting offsets of the transducers.






PATCH TEST OVERVIEW

The Patch Test window has 4 main areas:

    • The top area contains tool buttons and a point cloud cross section.
    • The lower section is split into three; the Selection Sets (based on the lines listed below), the Calibration area and the Graphical representation.


The point cloud graph displays the soundings that are within the selection box, shown below:

 

  • The points in the graph are viewed from the side in the direction of the white arrow.


The size of the dots in the point cloud graph can be adjusted using the Plot Size button by using either the drop down menu, or the toggle functionality. 


An options drop down tab allows you to select what types of points to view, and gives the options of showing in 3D view, showing the grid lines, and applying multibeam offsets to both TX and RX. 

Additionally there are options to save the patch plot and the RMS plot to images. 


For a more in depth explanation of the specific functions in the Patch Test tool, please visit our reference manual here: Qimera Patch Test v2.0 


STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

STEP 1 - SETTING UP THE DATA AND ACTIVATING THE PATCH TEST TOOL

  • Ensure you have loaded Raw Sonar Files into your project. These can be added using the 'Source' pull-down menu at the top of the main window.
  • It's best to build a dynamic surface. Select one or more of the sonar files from within the Project Sources window. This window can be toggled in the 'Window' pull-down menu. Choose the same lines that will be used in the patch test. Select 'Create Dynamic Surface' from the 'Dynamic Surface' pull-down menu or click the 'Create Dynamic Surface' Icon.
  • Select the lines to be loaded into the patch test tool from within the Project Sources window. Choose all the relevant lines to test for roll, pitch, heading, and latency.
  • Click on 'Patch Test' in the 'Tools' pull-down menu at the top of the Qimera Window. This will bring up the Patch Test window with your selected lines loaded.

STEP 2- SELECTING LINES AND DETERMINING OFFSETS

For each offset, this step will vary somewhat. 

Roll Offset

The roll test uses two lines of data, run in opposite directions with the same vessel speed over the same ground (need to overlap as much as possible). An area of flat seabed is best for this test. From Howto Calibrate a Multibeam Echosounder

  1. With the patch test tool open and relevant lines loaded, click on the pre-selected pair of lines in the line selection box. Alternatively, select your own lines.

  2. Adjust the location of the selection box in the geographic window. It should be oriented at 90 degrees to the lines.



  3. Ensure that 'Roll' is selected in motion pull-down menu box.



  4. Now you can determine the offset manually by dragging the slider, or automatically by using the Auto Solve button . The two sounding cross sections should be aligned as closely possible.
  5. If the angular change is too coarse, adjust the scale using the 'Edit Range' button at the right end of the slider.

    In this case, the Starting and Ending Values can be changed to something like -1 and 1

    It may be necessary to increase or decrease the width of the selection box in the geographical window. A very narrow box will decrease the number of points that are in the cross sections. This may be necessary in areas where the seabed is not as flat as it could be. The selection box can be resized, rotated, or redrawn at any time.
  6. If you are using the auto-solve check that the parabola makes sense before applying. Once the cross sections are matched, the offset value needs to be saved. Do this by clicking the 'Add Calibration' button  .


Pitch Offset

The pitch test uses two lines of data in opposite directions with the same vessel speed over the ground. A seabed with defined targets or is sloped (along track) is best for this test. From Howto Calibrate a Multibeam Echosounder:


The pitch test is conducted much the same as the roll test above, with 2 critical differences:

  1. The selection box in the geographic window must be aligned to be parallel the the direction of travel and placed on top of the centre of the lines.
  2. Pitch must be selected in the motion pull-down menu.




From here. follow steps 4-6 in the Roll Offset section to conduct a pitch calibration and add it to the MBES offsets.


Heading Offset

The heading test uses two parallel lines of data that were run in the same direction with the same vessel speed. These lines are spaced apart by about half a swath width or a little less. There must be an area with slope (along track) or a defined target in the area of overlap. From Howto Calibrate a Multibeam Echosounder

The heading test is conducted much the same as the roll test above, with 2 critical differences:

  1. The selection box is oriented parallel to the lines, between them, in the area of overlap. There should be a discernible slope or target within the box. In the following graphic, the two lines being used are highlighed in green and blue. The selection box is positioned between them.
  2. Heading must be selected in the motion pull-down menu.




From here, follow steps 4-6 in the Roll Offset section to conduct a heading calibration and add it to the MBES offsets.


Position Latency

The position latency calibration tool uses two lines of data, run in the same direction with different vessel speeds over the same ground (overlapping as much as possible). There must be an area of slope (along track) or a defined object below the vessel. 


The larger the difference in speed between the two lines, the more evident the position latency will be. It is also beneficial if the data is collected in an area that is reasonably shallow, this will increase the resolution of the slope or targets.

Check out this document for more information on system timing: Howto Timing in QINSy


The latency test is conducted much the same as the roll test above, with 2 critical differences:

  1. The selection box in the geographic window must be aligned to be parallel the the direction of travel and placed on top of the center of the lines.
  2. Position Latency must be selected in the motion pull-down menu.


STEP 3 - APPLYING PATCH TEST OFFSETS

  1. Once you have finished the patch test click Save and Apply in the Patch Test window. 



  2. Give the patch test a title and click Save.
  3. You are then given the option which configuration (if you have multiple ones) and which lines you would like to apply the patch test values to. 



  4. Click OK to apply the configuration to your lines. They will then need re-processing 



  5. Once complete you will find the Patch Test report, with images of the areas used in the Vessel folder of your project. 

TIPS AND TRICKS

  • If you are not getting a nice parabola as shown in picture below, but still receive an indication that Autosolve is complete,  then it is strongly advised to manually calibrate.


          


  • When Autosolve can't find a good solution for the misalignment calculation, you will have to manually select lines or re-position the selection box and try the Autosolve again.